Timeline of Events in Harvey History

– Pre-European Settlement –

The Wolastoquiyik (Maliseet) aboriginal people inhabited the area after the last ice age which covered the New Brunswick  up to 13,000 years ago.

– 1776 –

Prince William, established by Loyalist refugees from the American Revolutionary War, was the first major settlement in the area.

– 1786 –

The Parish of Prince William was established, named for Prince William who later became King William IV.   He was Patron of the King’s American Dragoons who settled there. the Parish included parts of what are now known as Dumfries Parish, Manners-Sutton Parish and McAdam Parish.

– 1816-

Lake George settlement was established, named after John McGeorge.

– 1822 –

Magundy was settled by Irish immigrants.

– 1831 –

Magaguadavic was first settled as Caledonia Settlement.  By 1866, it was known as Magaguadavic, a name derived from the aboriginal name, Magcecaatavik, meaning river of big eels.

– 1834 –

Ensor Settlement was established, named after Charles Ensor who had a land grant in the area.  The settlement name changed to Tweedside in 1850.

– 1837 –

The Cornelius of Sunderland departs Berwick-Upon-Tweed on May 29, arriving in Saint John six weeks later. On arrival in Canada they found that during their voyage the King of England had died and there was a young Queen Victoria on the throne! The settlers commence work clearing land in August and manage to build 21 log houses before winter.

– 1838 –

After spending the winter in Fredericton, the settlers walk to Harvey in April and begin planting crops.

– 1839 –

New Market settled by immigrants from Northern Ireland.

– 1839 –

Smithfield settled.

– 1840 –

The first Presbyterian Church is formed in Harvey Settlement.

– 1839 –

Smithfield settled.

– 1842 –

Acton settled, named for John Emerick Edward Dalbert, Baron of Acton.

– 1842 –

Little Settlement established, named for John Little (1786-1872)

– 1842 –

Cork settled by Irish immigrants with 57 homesteads.  It was first known as Teetotal Settlement,

– 1848 –

John Cockburn is running an Inn in Harvey. He built one of the first framed homes in Harvey.

– 1850 –

The Swan and Rutherford families arrive in Harvey and settle on a ridge of land next to Oromocto Lake. They name their settlement Tweedside, formerly known as Ensor Settlement.

1851

The first church is built. All three branches of Presbyterianism then existing in the Settlement worship there together.

1857

The first woolen manufacturing firm is founded in York Mills by George Lister.

1862

David Glendenning is the first licensed schoolteacher in Harvey.

1869

The European & North American Railway Company completes the section of railway that passes through Harvey Settlement. It becomes known as Harvey Station.

W.W.E. Smith’s Store is opened and their first supplies are purchased with gold nuggets.

The great Saxby Gale blew through Harvey on October 4-5, completely destroying a church in Cork, damaging other buildings in Harvey, and blowing down thousands of trees in the area.

1875

Alexander Swan was appointed by 81 petitioners from Harvey Settlement to be one of five trustees to administer the Harvey Burial Ground.

1887

Harvey celebrates it’s 50th anniversary on July 6.

The Swamp School in Tweedside is completed on July 31.

1892

The Harvey Farmers’ Trading Co. is started (later becoming Watson’s Store).

1894

The Harvey Lake train wreck occurred on January 14.

1898

Harvey Station is now a community with 5 stores, 2 hotels, 3 churches and a population of 250.

1901

Dr. Dougan establishes a hospital is his home.

1905

Thomas Robison builds The Robison Hotel.

1908

Fire destroys Little’s Woolen Mills.

1909

Don Messer is born on May 9 in Tweedside.

An extension is added to the railroad station in Harvey.

1910

The first registered Jersey Cow is brought to Harvey from the USA.

1914

The first World War began on July 28.

1916

Swan’s Garage is opened. Gasoline cost 0.15 per gallon.

1916

The Davis General Store is opened in the village of Harvey Station.

1918

Robison’s Hotel sold after Robison’s death and renamed Brunswick House.

1918

First World War ended November 11.

1919

Royal Bank opens on June 26.

New Brunswick woman can now vote.

1922

The Harvey Jersey Breeders Club is founded.

1925

The two Harvey Presbyterian Churches were renamed as the St. Andrews United Church and the St. James United Church after a controversial split between the Harvey Presbyterians.

1926

The Brunswick House (formerly Robison Hotel) was destroyed by an acetylene explosion.

1929

The Great Depression began on Friday October 27.

1931

There is a fire at the Davis store.

1934

Harvey Station Phone Exchange formally opens on October 29.

1934

The Harvey Creamery is erected.

1936

Electricity comes to Harvey.

1937

Harvey celebrates 100 years with a 3-day celebration starting on July 16.

1939

Canada enters World War Two.

1943

On Feb. 22nd a blaze of unknown origin completely destroyed Watson’s Store, their home and most of the contents.

1944

Harvey Fire Department was formed in Harvey.

Briggs & Little wooden mill is destroyed by a fire.

1945

The Taylor summer home was donated to Harvey to use as hospital.

1946

Construction on Harvey High School is completed.

1948

Harvey Community Hospital was opened February 21

1949

Electricty comes to South Tweedside.

1952

South Tweedside is connected with NBTEL.

1957

On Oct. 8, John F. Kennedy has lunch at the Harvey train station, then boards a train headed to Boston.

1961

The Harvey Curling Club is built.

1962

The Harvey Railway Station is closed and towed across Harvey lake on the ice where it was converted into a cottage which is still in existence.

1965

 The grand opening of the new Harvey Commuunity Hospital took place February 22.

1966

Harvey is legally incorporated as a Village by the Minster of Municipal Affairs.

1972

The Harvey Memorial Community Centre is built on land donated by Gilbert Robison.

1973

Don Messer dies on March 29.

1975

The Harvey Creamery closed for good.

1978

In June a grand opening was held for the Fire Station at 2234 Route 3.

1980

The new Harvey High School opens.

1981

The old Harvey High School is demolished.

1982

In February a large fire destroys two buildings in downtown Harvey.

The new Royal Bank opens in Harvey.

1986

The Harvey Senior Citizens Complex opens in August.

1989

The Grandstand located at the “Fair Grounds’ burned to the ground in August.

1990

Taylor Memorial Hall is dismantled.

1994

In November the Briggs and Little Woolen Mill was destroyed by Fire.

2000

Blacks Grocery & Cafe building demolished.

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