Indigenous History Resources

Before colonial settlement in New Brunswick, the indigenous peoples sustained themselves by hunting, fishing, and cultivating crops. Three distinct groups asserted their territorial claims in the region: the Mi’gmaq in northern and eastern New Brunswick, the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) along the Saint John River Valley, and the Peskotomuhkatiyik (Passamaquoddy) in the St. Croix River watershed. The Wolastoqiyik predominantly occupied the territory in the Harvey area. Additional information is available in the provided links.

First Nations Sources

Wolastoquey History  on the Wolastoquey Nation in New Brunswick website

History of the Maliseet First Nation at Kingsclear to 1950 by Andrea Bear Nicholas, Chair in Native Studies, St. Thomas University, June 2013

Wǝlastǝkokewiyik Eyoltihtitpǝn Ekwpahak Tǝkkiw 1781/Maliseets in the Fredericton Area to 1781 by Andrea Bear Nicholas, St. Thomas University

The People of the Beautiful River at Jemseg Volume 1:  Important Stories and Spoken Histories edited by Karen Perley and Susan Blair

The Indian Act

Timeline of the Indian Act in Canada

Indian Act of Canada

About Residential Schools and National Truth and Reconciliation Day

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada was struck to determine how best to resolve conflicts and issues that arose from the residential school system for indigenous children in Canada.  The commission yielded a report with 94 Calls to Action.

Recommended Reading

Interested in learning more about the rich history and heritage of the Harvey region? Here are a few blog posts that might pique your interest: